Search - The Internet - Computers - Business - Chicago - Entertainment
Default Software:
Firefox - web browser
uBlock Origin - Ad-Blockerer - Firefox plugin

LibreOffice - Free Office Suite - See also: The Document Foundation

Syncthing - Share and Sync file folders between PCs and Phones - Syncthing Android App on the Google Play Store

VLC - media player (video)

Winamp - media player (audio)

Anti-Virus = Microsoft Windows Defender (Included free with Windows 10)
Anti-Malware = Malwarebytes
Login Account = Standard Account in Windows (NOT Administrator Account in Windows for daily tasks)
Windows Updates = Keep Windows updated
Browser Updates = Keep Web Browser updated
Router = Change default administrator password on router to something difficult to guess and keep router software updated

Alternate Web Browsers:
Vivaldi - Powerful. Personal. Private. Get unrivaled customization options and built-in browser features for better performance, productivity, and privacy.

Chrome - web browser - Chrome web store
Ad-Blocker = uBlock Origin - Google Chrome plugin
Disable HTML5 Autoplay = Google Chrome plugin (stops auto play of HTML5 video on web sites)
OneTab (by = Google Chrome Plugin
Optional Software:
7-Zip - Unzip/unrar software
Adobe Reader - .pdf file viewer
Barrier - allows sharing of one keyboard/mouse between computers
Box - Share files across the Internet
Brave - ad-blocking, privacy, and security focused web browser
CutePDF - print to a PDF file
cwrsync - Rsync directory synchronization
Cygwin - Run Linux/Unix tools on Windows
Dropbox - Store/Share files Online
dsynchronize - synchronize two or more folders
DVDShrink - DVD backup
FileZilla - Show All Client download options - Sourceforge link - sftp/ftp client
Foobar2000 - audio player
FreeFileSync - Open Source software - folder comparison and synchronization software (includes RealTimeSync - youtube demo)
gedit - Text editor
Gimp - Paint program
GoodSync - File Synchronization and Backup Software
Handbrake - Video file converter
IceChat - IRC chat client
ImgBurn - CD/DVD/Blu-Ray burner software
inSSIDer - find open WiFi channels
Jalbum - publish pictures to www
Java - (manual download) - JDK (Java SE)
Keepa - Amazon price history browser plug-in
KeePass - encrypted password manager
MakeMKV - DVD to .MKV file - Forums - "Recommended UHD Drives to get" - Temporary Beta Key
Marxio FCV - MD5 File Checksum Verifier - cnet
MD5 & SHA Checksum Utility
OBS Studio - video recording and live streaming software
PDFill FREE PDF Tools - cnet - encrypt/password protect pdf files
Putty - SSH client
Quicktime - media player
robocopy - mirror folders (comes with Windows)
Rufus ISO to USB
Shortcut - Video Editing Software
Secret Space Encryptor for Android - encrypt files
Synergy - share one mouse and keyboard between multiple computers
SyncToy - synchronizes files and folders
Taxact - tax preparation software
Tor Browser - privacy based web browser
TreeSize Free - show disk usage by directory
(for advanced users. No longer supported) uMatrix: Point and click matrix to filter net requests according to source, destination and type - uMatrix github - uMatrix for Chrome browser - uMatrix for Firefox
uTorrent - Torrent client
VirtualBox - Virtual system software
VMware Workstation Player - Virtual system software
VMware vCenter Converter - Virtual system software
VSDC - Free video editing software
Win32DiskImager - write .img files to USB or SD card
WPS Office - Free Office Suite alternative
Xming X Server for Windows - X Window Client/Server
Zoom Client for Meetings - video conferencing software

Windows Subsystem for Linux - Install the Linux Subsystem on Windows 10
Open PowerShell as Administrator and run:
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Restart your computer when prompted.
More info:
Windows Subsystem for Linux Distribution Switcher
CentOS on Windows Subsytem for Linux (WSL)
How to run Fedora with Windows subsystem for Linux (WSL)

Optional Browser Plug-Ins:
Save to Google - Saves a web page to Google - Google Save
To evaluate yet:
Ghostery - privacy plug in
WOT (Web Of Trust) - web site trust plug in
Windows 11 Notes
Download Windows 11 from Microsoft

During Windows 11 install, you get stuck at "Let's connect you to a network":
Install suggests looking at:
Issue is, installer doesn't support your Network card with a driver.

Quick notes to progress:
Download and copy your Network card driver onto a USB drive and insert that USB drive in new install computer.
On stuck install, press:
Shift + F10
Click mouse on new Command Prompt window and run:
Click on USB drive (in my case it was E:)
Select and run the Network card driver install executable setup program.
In my case, it was:
E:> Asus_X670E-A_LAN_driver > W11 > AsusSetup
Then I can see "Network" which goes from disconnected to Connected and then can select "Next".

Win = Windows Key
CTRL + N = open new File Explorer window using current selected location
Win + E = open new File Explorer window using default start location
CTRL + T = open new File Explorer tab
Windows 10 Notes
Download Windows 10 from Microsoft - How to clean install Windows 10

Windows Commands:
Send file directory listing and subdirectories to a text file:
dir /s/b > file.txt
netplwiz - Turn off boot login prompt: uncheck "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer. - OK - enter password 2 times
where (command) - find/locate/which a command from command line
Check for missing or currupt Windows files: Right-click on "Command Prompt" and select "Run As Administrator", then type: sfc /scannow
Check for disk problems, type: chkdsk /f

Advanced commands:
System Internals Suite - process explorer, etc...

BCDEdit.exe - edit the boot configuration

Windows 10 upgrade install stuck at "checking for updates"
open Command Prompt as Administrator
net stop wuauserv
(wait a minute) (I noticed that Windows 10 upgrade continued shortly after stopping wuauserv service)
net start wuauserv
Security Software
Anti-virus options:
+ Avast! - Antivirus (disable WebRep)
How to remove avast GrimeFighter optional add-on:
Click Start - Control Panel - Programs and Features
Right Click on "avast! Free Antivirus" and select "Uninstall/Change"
Click on "Change" and then click Next
In the middle under Components, Uncheck the GrimeFighter check mark and click Next.
This should remove the optional GrimeFighter Avast add-on
+Avira AntiVir Personal Edition Classic
BitDefender Anti-Virus - Download
+ G DATA AntiVirus
+ NOD32 by ESET
+ Microsoft Security Essentials
PC Tools Antivirus

Online Anti-Virus Scaners:
Panda Software online antivirus scan
Symantec online antivirus scan

Reviews: av-comparatives - Lifehacker - MaximumPC -

Not recommended:
AVG AntiVirus
ClamWin Antivirus
McAfee AntiVirus
Norton Antivirus (from Symantec)
Anti-spyware options:
+ Ad-Aware
+ Hijack This
* Malwarebytes - CNET
+ Spybot Search and Destroy
SpywareBlaster - spyware prevention software
Spy Sweeper

System Cleaner:
* CCleaner
PC Decrapifier
Revo Uninstaller Free (or Pro) - Download

Reviews: spychecker

Not recommended:
Laptop remote agent (if stolen) options:

Personal Firewalls options:
+ Comodo Firewall
Filseclab Personal Firewall Professional Edition
Ghostwall Firewall
Outpost Firewall
SoftPerfect Personal Firewall
* ZoneAlarm - basic firewall

Intrusion Detection:

IP blocking:
PC Information, Benchmarking, Stress Testing, and Disk software
PC Information:
* HWMonitor - Note: Must run as with Administrator rights to get full information. Otherwise, you will see limited information.
* CPUZ - See CPU information
* GPUZ - See GPU information

+AMD GPU Clock Tool - monitor temps
Argus Monitor
CoreTemp - show CPU core temps. - info
DPC Latency Checker
* HWiNFO32
Intel Processor Diagnostic Tool (64-bit)
Memset - See memory information
* Memtest86+ - Memory test
Memtest86 - Memory test
+ Real Temp - show CPU temps. - info - info2
+ RivaTuner - monitor temps
+ Smartmontools - monitor hard drives or SSD
+ SpeedFan - show CPU temps.
ThrottleWatch 2.01 - See active CPU core usage graphs
+ Tmonitor - show active clock of each CPU core

Monitor Testing:
Dead Pixel Buddy
Eizo MonitorTest
PC Benchmarking:
Everest - trial
Fritz 9 chess multi-core benchmark
* Futurmark - 3DMark06 and 3DMark Vantage
* MaxxMEM

System Stress Testing:
* Intel Extreme Tuning Utility (XTU) - Troubleshooting Overheating - Temp FAQ
+ OCCT - OverClock Checking Tool
* FurMark - GPU stress test
NetCPS - Network Stress Test
Prime95 - CPU stress test
Super PI Mod 1.5 - wiki
+ System Stability Tester - multi-threaded CPU stress test (Linux)
Video Memory Stress Test 1.7.116
* wPrime - CPU stress test
y-cruncher - multi-threaded pi program

Overclocking tools:
CPU-Tweaker - adjust memory timings
EVGA E-LEET - Motherboard tuning
SetFSB - overclock CPU
Disk Benchmarking:
+ AS SSD - SSD benchmark
CDM Crystal Disk Mark
HD Tune

SD Cards:
SD Card Formatter

Disk imaging/backup software
Drive Copy
+ DriveImage XML - Bart PE Builder Tutorial - CNet download
* Macrium Reflect Free - CNet download
Norton Ghost
Paragon Backup & Recovery Free Edition - CNet download

Disk partitioning software
EaseUS Partition Master 9.1 Home Edition
Magic Partition
Parted Magic

Disk encryption software

Disk wiping software (erases your hard drive)
dban - Darik's Boot and Nuke
Eraser - file eraser
CD/DVD burner software:
+ ImgBurn
CDBurnerXP Pro
Express Burn

Blu-Ray DVD software:
AnyDVD HD by SlySoft
+ CinePlayer BD by Roxio
* PowerDVD by CyberLink
+ TotalMedia Theater 3 by ArcSoft
* WinDVD 2010 by Corel

Canon Powershot Digital camera drivers and software
Real VNC Server
WarFTP Server Daemon
WinSCP - scp/sftp file transfer application
WinZip - zip compression application
WinRAR - zip/rar compression application
Chrome Plug-in/Add-ons:
HTTPS Everywhere - A Firefox, Chrome, and Opera extension that encrypts your communications with many major websites, making your browsing more secure - caused some issues with some web sites
Privacy Badger - blocks spying ads and invisible trackers - caused some issues with some web sites

Firefox Add-ons:
Adblock Plus - limits ads
Flashblock - limits flash
NoScript - limits javascript
Sync - share bookmarks across computers
ublock origin - ad blocker
UnMHT - show .mht files
To try yet:
IE Tab
Session Manager
Tab Mix Plus

AdBlock - Adblocker - For Firefox - Android - Block ads
Flash Player - Show Active Version
uBlock - Adblocker Add-On for Firefox web browser
Kompozer - WYSIWYG web editor
MediaMonkey - audio player and organizer
Notepad++ - text editor
Opentape - stream music
Opera - web browser - Paint program
Pidgin - Instant Messenger Chat Client
Remobo - remote VPN computer control software
Thunderbird - email client
uberOptions - enables all options on Logitech mice
XChat-WDK - IRC chat client

mount ext2/ext3 Linux file systems in windows:
virtual volumes
Ext2IFS which has a 128 byte maximum inode size file system mounting limitation))

XFS file system recovery
Other applications, see also:
Ninite Easy PC Setup
Free Anti Virus Software listing
WinPlanet Windows Software Reviews and Downloads
FDISK.COM DOS Internet Pages
Xiaomu's Winsock Apps List
Windows 95 Network Utility Collection
DaveCentral (
Windows 8.1 Notes
Power User Menu = Windows_Key + x

Turn off login prompt:
Start - netplwiz - uncheck "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer. - OK - enter password 2 times

Turn off login prompt after waking from sleep mode:
Control Panel - Power Options - Require a password on wakeup -
Change settings that are currently unavailable - Don't require a password - Save changes

Start at Windows Desktop after boot:
Right click on Task Bar - Properties - Navigation tab - Check "When I sign in or close all apps on screen, go to the desktop instead of Start" - OK

Start shows Apps view instead of Start:
Right click on Task Bar - Properties - Navigation tab - Check "Show the Apps view automatically when I go to Start" - OK
Turn off login prompt:
Start - netplwiz - uncheck "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer. - OK - enter password 2 times

Turn off login prompt after waking from sleep mode:
Control Panel - Power Options - Require a password on wakeup -
Change settings that are currently unavailable - Don't require a password - Save changes

Verify SSD TRIM is enabled:
Open an Administrator Command Prompt and run:
fsutil behavior query DisableDeleteNotify
0=TRIM enabled
1=TRIM not enabled

If it is set to 1, you can force TRIM enabled by running:
fsutil behavior set DisableDeleteNotify 0

Enable Windows Games:
Start - Control Panel - Programs and Features - Turn Windows features on or off - Games - OK

Clean Install Windows 7 with Upgrade Media
How to Create a System Image in Windows 7
How to: Install Windows 7 from a USB Key!
Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool
Windows 7: A desktop user's take
Windows 7: Tested in depth

Optional for Windows 7:
Turn off UAC

If using SSD drive, verify these are disabled for SSD drive:
Disable disk indexing
Disable superfetch
Disable windows search
Disable startup user login screen:
Start - Run - "control userpasswords2" - uncheck "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer."

Set explorer to "%SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /e,/select,c:\docs"

Windows Startup configuration:
start - run - msconfig

Turn off default audio sounds

Cisco VPN: Windows Firewall - Exceptions tab Add Port - Cisco VPN - Port 62515 - UDP

Before install, remove any USB hardware
(USB memory cards, USB computer connections to monitor, etc...) (USB keyboard and mouse are OK)

Why 32-bit Windows sees only 3GB not 4GB RAM on a system that has 4GB of RAM installed